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Displaying all 15 entries

Oil Spill Detection and Mapping in Low Visibility and Ice

International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IAOGP) - Accurate oil-slick detection and mapping are particularly important for Arctic spills, as oil may be hidden from view under snow and ice during periods of almost total darkness. Conversely, close to 24 hours of daylight in the spring and summer months can in fact help to facilitate the remote sensing and monitoring of spilled oil during breakup and open-water periods. However, fog and low...
Complete
2012-10-01
2013-06-01
2018-08-09 15:10:28 -0800
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Spill Response in the Arctic Offshore

S.L. Ross Environmental Research Limited (SLR) - This publication has been prepared jointly by the American Petroleum Institute (API) Arctic Oil Spill task group and the Joint Industry Programme on Oil Spill Recovery in Ice (JIP). The JIP is aimed at creating international research programmes to further enhance industry knowledge and capabilities in the area of Arctic oil spill response and to raise awareness of existing industry OSR...
Remote
2012-02-02
2018-08-09 15:06:09 -0800
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Arctic Environmental Response Management Application (ERMA)

Erma National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) - The Environmental Response Management Application® (ERMA) is a web-based Geographic Information System (GIS) tool that assists both emergency responders and environmental resource managers in dealing with incidents that may adversely impact the environment. ERMA integrates and synthesizes various real-time and static datasets into a single interactive map, thus provides fast visualization of...
Complete
2018-08-09 15:08:36 -0800
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Oil Spills in Arctic Waters: An Introduction and Inventory of Research Activities and USARC Recommendations

United States Arctic Research Commission (USARC) - The paper begins with a summary of federal efforts in three topic areas: (1) spill demarcation and mitigation, including containment and countermeasures; (2) oil spill response technologies for cleanup and recovery of oil, including affiliated data management tools; and (3) the fate of oil and its effects on the environment. Following this summary is a discussion of the work of the...
Remote
2012-11-30
2018-08-09 15:06:09 -0800
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Best Practices for Migratory Bird Care During Oil Spill Response

US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) - Best Practices for Migratory Bird Care During Oil Spill Response (Best Practices) is the result of a Fish and Wildlife Countermeasures Coordination Project undertaken by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). The goals of the project include the development of national “best practices” using established protocols for keeping unoiled birds away from an oil spill and for dealing with...
Remote
2018-08-09 15:03:00 -0800
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Dispersant Testing Under Realistic Conditions

International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IAOGP) - Dispersion of oil using either chemical or mineral additives (dispersants) can be an effective way to enhance the natural biodegradation process to remove spilled oil from marine environments. Research over several decades has shown that when applied properly, these additives can be as effective in near-freezing waters as they are in temperate waters. In many cases – including in the Arctic –...
Ongoing
2012-01-01
2015-12-31
2018-08-09 15:08:52 -0800
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Environmental Impacts From Arctic Oil Spills and Arctic Oil Spill Response Technologies

International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IAOGP) - In the event of an oil spill, there are always major concerns about the severity of environmental effects. In the Arctic, this concern is even higher because of the assumption that Arctic areas are more sensitive. Whether these areas are indeed fragile depends on many factors: how the oil behaves in varying ice concentrations, how species react to and interact with oil, their environments, and...
Ongoing
2012-09-01
2018-08-09 15:08:57 -0800
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Joint industry program on oil spill contingency for Arctic and ice-covered waters

Sintef (SINTEF) - This industry report summarizes a variety of oil spill response technologies, including oil weathering, in-situ burning, chemical dispersion, mechanical recovery, and remote sensing. Special consideration is given to the challenges of responding to spills in Arctic waters and interactions with sea ice.
Remote
2010-10-04
2018-08-09 15:03:00 -0800
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In-Situ Burning of Oil in Ice – Affected Waters

International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IAOGP) - Controlled in-situ burning (ISB) of an oil slick as a response technology has been researched and employed in one form or another at a variety of oil spills since the late 1950s, including limited use during the Exxon Valdez accident and more extensive use during the Deepwater Horizon incident. Many researchers and practitioners believe that ISB is especially suitable in ice conditions;...
Ongoing
2012-10-01
2013-06-01
2018-08-09 15:10:31 -0800
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Behavior of Oil Spills in Ice and Implications for Arctic Spill Response

International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IAOGP) - The paper reviews the history of research into the behavior spills in ice covered waters and documents our current state of knowledge, drawing on the findings from a number of milestone field experiments conducted over the past 40 years. In particular the paper focuses on the unique aspects of spill behavior in different ice regimes that can both hinder and benefit spill response, depending on...
Complete
2011-12-01
2018-08-09 15:10:31 -0800
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Advancing Oil Spill Response in Ice-Covered Waters

Oil Spill Recovery Institute (OSRI) - The objective of this project is to identify programs and research and development projects that improve the ability of responders to deal with accidental oil spills in fresh or salt-water marine environments where there is ice. This includes spills that occur on top of or underneath solid, stable ice extending out from shore (land-fast), into an area of drifting ice floes (pack ice), or onto...
Remote
2004-03-31
2018-08-09 15:06:52 -0800
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Fate of Dispersed Oil under Ice

International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IAOGP) - Dispersion of oil using either chemical or mineral additives (dispersants) can be an effective way to enhance the natural biodegradation process to remove spilled oil from the marine environment. Research over several decades has shown that these additives can be as effective in near-freezing waters as they are in temperate waters when properly applied. The use of dispersants can provide an...
Ongoing
2012-01-01
2018-08-09 15:10:31 -0800
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The effects of use of dispersant and in situ burning on Arctic marine organisms - A laboratory study

S.L. Ross Environmental Research Limited (SLR) - This report details the findings of a field experiment in which an Arctic amphipod was exposed to both dispersants and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Seawater and tissue samples were both tested for levels of PAH before and after dispersants were added.
Remote
2011-06-24
2018-08-09 15:03:01 -0800
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Mechanical Recovery of Oil in Ice

International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IAOGP) - Mechanical containment and recovery is considered the primary or preferred response strategy in many regions of the world. Containment booms are normally used in combination with a skimmer to remove oil from the water’s surface where it is temporarily stored before further treatment. The main challenge presented to mechanical recovery in ice is the difficulty of accessing the oil and,...
Ongoing
2012-10-01
2018-08-09 15:08:56 -0800
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Oil Spill Trajectory Modelling in Ice

International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IAOGP) - An oil spill trajectory model predicts the movement of spilled oil in and under ice, based on such factors as ocean currents, winds, and air and sea temperatures. In Arctic conditions, the predictive task is complicated by the presence of ice in a variety of forms. Furthermore, little information exists about Arctic currents and there are few opportunities to evaluate the predictive accuracy of...
Ongoing
2013-03-01
2015-04-30
2018-08-09 15:08:57 -0800
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