A Literature Review of the Effects of Helicopter Disturbance and Noise on Selected Wildlife Species
This document provides a summary of the literature that evaluates the effects of noise, primarily from helicopters, on large mammals and migratory birds. This literature review focused on a variety of large mammals including: caribou (Rangifer tarandus), bison (Bison bison), moose (Alces alces), brown bear (Ursus arctos), black bear (U. americanus), Dall sheep (Ovis dalli), and mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus) and beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas). The review also included literature on other large mammal species that may be used as surrogates for these selected species, because the studies on helicopter disturbance for these mammal species are limited. The review addresses impacts of helicopter overflights and noise on migratory birds, such as trumpeter and tundra swans (Cygnus buccinator and C. columbianus), geese, ducks, sandhill cranes (Grus canadensis), and some raptors.
Data and Resources
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Anderson_2007_ABR.Helicopter.Disturbance.Biblio.pdf (827 KB)
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Added organization United States Army
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A Literature Review of the Effects of Helicopter Disturbance and Noise on Selected Wildlife Species was created almost 3 years ago