Oil Spill Trajectory Modelling in Ice
An oil spill trajectory model predicts the movement of spilled oil in and under ice, based on such factors as ocean currents, winds, and air and sea temperatures. In Arctic conditions, the predictive task is complicated by the presence of ice in a variety of forms. Furthermore, little information exists about Arctic currents and there are few opportunities to evaluate the predictive accuracy of a model through actual monitoring of a spill’s progress.
For these reasons, the aims and goals of the Joint Industry Programme’s (JIP) Project 4 are closely connected to those of Project 5: oil spill detection and mapping in low visibility and ice (subsea and surface). Although extensive data already exists about how oil interacts with ice (based on lab and field work), trajectory modelling in ice-infested oceans is much less common – and much more difficult an endeavour. Overall, longer and more accurate forecasts are needed from trajectory models for oil spills in the Arctic. Remote-sensing technologies, which can offer detailed coverage mapping of ice concentrations, movement and thickness, must be vital to such models. Project 4 will begin in spring 2013 and run for two years.
Data and Resources
Website :: Project Website
Website :: Arctic Response Technology JIP Website